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2017年江苏高考英语诚博娱乐答案解析【最新Word版】

2017年06月12日 文/庄鑫 605次阅读
 2017年江苏高考英语诚博娱乐答案解析【最新Word版】注意事项:1. 答题前,先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在诚博娱乐卷和答题卡上,并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。用2B铅笔将答题卡上试卷类型A后的方框涂黑。2. 选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,写在诚博娱乐卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。3. 非选择题的作答:用签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的答题区域内。写在诚博娱乐卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。4. 考试结束后,请将本诚博娱乐卷和答题卡一并上交。第一部分听力(共两节,满分 20 分) 做题时,现将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分)听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的 ABC 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,www.ccutu.com你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1.What does the woman think of the movie?A.It's amusingB. It's excitingC. It's disappointing2.How will Susan spend most of her time in France?A.Traveling around.B.Studying at a school.C.Looking after her aunt.3.What are the speakers talking about?A.Going out.B.Ordering drinks.C.Preparing for a party.4.Where are the speakers?A.In a classroom.B.In a library.C.In a bookstore.5.What is the man going to do?A.Go on InternetB.Make a phone call.C.Take a train trip.第二节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第6段材料,回答第67题。6.What is the woman looking for?A.An information office.B.A police stationC.A shoe repair shop.7.What is the Town Guide according to the man?A.A brochure.B.A newspaper.C.A map.听第7段材料,回答第89题。8.What does the man say about the restaurant?A. It's the biggest one around.B. It offers many tasty dishes.C. It's famous for its seafood.9.What will the woman probably order?A.Fried fishB.Roast chicken.C.Beef steak.听第8段材料,回答第1012题。10.Where will Mr. White be at 11 o'clock?A.At the officeB.At the airport.C.At the restaurant.11.Where will Mr.White probably do at one in the afternoon?A.Receive a guest.B.Have a meeting. C.Read a report.12.Where will Miss Wilson see Mr.White? A.At lunch time.B.Late in the afternoon.C.The next morning.听第9段材料,回答第1316题。13.Why is Bili going to Germany?A.To work on a project.B.To study German.C.To start a new company.14.What did the woman dislike about Germany?A. The weather. B.The food. C.The schools.15.What does Bill hope to do about his family?A.Bring them to Germany.B.Leave them in England.C.Visit them in a few months.16.What is the probable relationship between the speakers?A.Fellow-travelers.B.Colleagues.C.Classmates.听第10段材料,回答第1720题。17.When did it rain last time in Juarez?A.Three days ago.B.A month ago. C.A year ago.18.What season is it now in Juarez?A.Spring. B.Summer C.Autumn.19.What are the elderly advised to do?A.Take a walk in afternoon.B.Keep their homes cool.C.Drink plenty of water.20.What is the speaker doing?A.Hosting a radio program.B.Conducting a seminar.C.Forecasting the weather.第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)请阅读下面各题,从题中所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。例:It is generally considered unwise to give a child _________ he or she wants.A. howeverB. whateverC. whicheverD. whenever答案是B例:It is generally considered unwise to give a child _________ he or she wants.A. howeverB. whateverC. whicheverD. whenever答案是B21.Many Chinese brands, __________their reputations over centuries,are facing new challenges from the modern market.A.having developed B.being developed C. developed D. developing21. 考查非谓语动词。brands是逻辑主语,和develop是主谓关系,所以用现在分词,表示伴随状况;再根据“over centuries”可知,应该使用现在分词的完成式,故选A22. __________not for the support of the teachers,the student could not overcome her difficulty.A.Itwere B.Wereit C. It wasD. Wasit22. 考查虚拟语气的省略。虚拟语气中,be动词统一用were;虚拟语气的省略形式主要是把if省略,同时把were/should/had提前,即Were /Should/ Had I...,故选B23.Located_________the Belt meets the Road, Jiangsu will contribute more to the Belt and Road construction.A.why B.when C.whichD.where23. 考查状语从句。be located in+地点名词,位于......where引导的地点状语从句在此相当于in some place,故选D24.The publication of Great Expectations,which_________both widely reviewed and highly praised,strengthened Dickens’ status as a leading novelist.A.is B.are C.was D.were24. 考查定语从句的主谓一致。先行词是Great Expectations“Great Expectations”是书名,看做单数,所以定语从句的谓语也要使用单数形式;根据“strengthened”可知,被广泛阅读和得到高度评价发生在过去,故选C25. Working with the medical team in Africa has_________the best in her as a doctor.A. held out B. brought out C. picked out D. given out 26.We choose this hotel because the price for a night here is down to $20, half of_________it used to charge.A. that B. which C. what D. how26. 考查同位语和宾语从句。half of_________it used to charge”是$20的同位语,即原来价格的一半是现在的$20;另外,of后跟名词或名词短语构成介宾短语,所以,这里是宾语从句;宾语从句中的charge后面缺少宾语,所以用what来引导宾语从句,并充当宾语从句的宾语,故选C27. He hurried home, never once looking back to see if he_________.A. was being followed B. was following C. had been followed D. followed27. 考查宾语从句和时态。hefollow是动宾关系,即他被别人跟踪,排除B/D;根据句意在匆忙赶回家的路上,他从未回头看是否被跟踪,用过去进行时最合适,故选A28. In 1963 the UN set up the World Food Programme, one of_____purposes is to relieve worldwide starvation.A. whichB. it’s C. whoseD. whom 28. 考查定语从句。先行词是“the World Food Programme”世界粮食项目的目的之一是......whose在定语从句中作定语,这里限定purposes,故选C29.Only five years after Steve Jobs’ death, smart –phones defeated _________PCs in sales.A. controversial B. contradictoryC. confidential D. conventional29. 考查副词辨析。A. controversial 有争议的;B. contradictory对立的,相互矛盾的;C. confidential机密的,秘密的;D. conventional传统的,智能手机在销量上打败了传统的个人电脑,故选D30.A quick review of successes and failures at the end of year will help _________your year ahead.A.shapeB.switch C.stretch D.sharpen30. 考查动词辨析。A.shape塑造,决定......的形成,影响......的发展B.switch转变,交换,调班;C.stretch拉长,拉紧,伸展,伸长,延伸消耗;D. sharpen提高,使尖锐,变得清晰。句意:快速回顾一年的成败将会决定来年的发展。故选A31. He’s been informed that he _________for the scholarship because of his academic background.A. hasn’t qualified B. hadn’t qualified C. doesn’t qualify D. wasn’t qualifying 31. 考查宾语从句时态。句意:他已经被告知由于教育背景的原因而没有资格获得奖学金。qualify for sth达标,获得参赛资格;由于条件不满足而没有资格做某事,是客观事实,故选C32. Determining where we are _________our surroundings remains an essential skill for our survival.A.in contrast toB.in defense ofC.in face ofD.in relation to 32. 考查介词短语。A.in contrast to对比,截然不同;B.in defense of......辩护;C.in face of面对;D.in relation to......有关。根据周围的环境辨别方位仍然是我们生存的一项极其重要的技能。故选D33.——What does the stuff on your T-shirt mean ?——It’s nothing. Just something _________.A. as clear as day B. off the top of my head C. under my nose D. beyond my wildest dreams 34.The disappearance of dinosaurs is not necessarily caused by astronomical incidents. But _________explanations are hard to find.alternative B.aggressive C.ambiguous D.apparent 34. 考查形容词。A. alternative可供替代的;B.aggressive好斗的,有进取心的;C.ambiguous 有野心的,耗时的;D.apparent显而易见的。句意:恐龙的消失未必是由天文事件引起的,但是难以找到其它解释。故选A35. ——Going to watch the Women’s Volleyball Match on Wednesday? ——_________! Will you go with me?You there B. You betC. You got meD. You know better 考查交际用语。A. You there说你呢(用于引起注意)B. You bet的确;当然; C. You got me你把我问住了;D. You know better不至于糊涂到。“Will you go with me?”可知,会去看女子排球,答语应该是肯定的,故选B第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)请阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。For a long time Gabriel didn’t want to be involved in music at all. In his first years of high school, Gabriel would look pityingly at music students, __36__across the campus with their heavy instrument cases, __37__at school for practice hours __38__ anyone else had to be there. He swore to himself to__39__music, as he hated getting to school extra early.__40___, one day, in the music class that was __41__of his school’s standard curriculurn, he was playing idly (随意地)on the piano and found it ____42___to pick out tunes.With a sinking feeling, he realized that he actually __43__doing it. He tried to hide his __44__pleasure from the music teacher, who had __45__over to listen. He might not have done this particularly well, __46__the teacher told Gabriel that he had a good___47__and suggested that Gabriel go into the music store-room to see if any of the instruments there __48__him. There he decided to give the cello(大提琴) a __49__. When he began practicing,he took it very __50__. But he quickly found that he loved playing this instrument, and was __51__to practicing it so that within a couple of months he was playing reasonably well.This __52__, of course, that he arrived at school early in the morning, __53__his heavy instrument case across the campus to the __54__looks of the non-musicians he had left__55__.根据首句“Gabriel didn’t want to be involved in music at all”可知,Gabriel一点也不想学音乐。 A. travelling B. marching C. pacing D. struggling【答案】D【解析】根据“with their heavy instrument cases”可知,每天上学的时候,Gabriel总是同情地看着背着沉重的乐器的同学们艰难地穿梭于校园中,struggle努力,艰难地行进,斗争,符合语境。 A. rising up B. coming up C. driving up D. turning up【答案】D【解析】根据“ __37__at school for practice hours __38__ anyone else”可知,学习音乐的同学需要比不学音乐的早到学校几个小时,为了练习弹奏乐器,turn up原意“调高(音量)”,在此意为“出现”,符合语境。 A. before B. afterC. until D. since【答案】A【解析】“anyone else”指不学音乐的学生,学习音乐的要比规定的到校时间早到几个小时,before anyone else had to be there比规定的到校时间早几个小时。这也是Gabriel不想学习音乐的原因之一。 A. betray B. accept C. avoid D. appreciate【答案】CA. ThereforeB. HoweverC. Thus D. Moreover【答案】B【解析】考查段落的衔接。本段讲Gabriel在一次音乐课上意外发现自己很喜欢音乐,与上一段是转折关系,故选B A. part B. natureC. basisD. spirit【答案】A【解析】考查名词辨析和句意理解。that was __41__of his school’s standard curriculurn是定语从句,音乐课是学校的标准课程的一部分,言外之意就是说,每个学生都得上这个音乐课。 A. complicate B. safeC. confusingD. easy【答案】D【解析】根据下句“actually... tried to hide... pleasure”等词或词组可以看出,Gabriel在音乐中找到了乐趣,并试图隐藏这份愉悦,由此可知,第38空的意思是“演奏音乐很容易”。只有D项符合语境。 A. missed B. dislikedC. enjoyed D. denied【答案】C【解析】根据actually可知,Gabriel对音乐的看法有了变化,他实际上是喜欢音乐的,A/B/D都是有否定倾向的词,不符合语境。A. transparentB. obvious C. false D. similar【答案】B【解析】Gabriel不想让音乐老师看到自己表露出来的很明显的喜悦之情,transparent(谎言、借口)易看穿的;obvious明显的,显然的,故选BA. runB. joggedC. jumpedD. wandered【答案】D【解析】音乐老师在教室里来回走动,听到Gabriel弹奏乐器的声音,就走过来聆听。Wander徘徊,游荡。A. becauseB. but C. though D. so【答案】B【解析】根据“and suggested that Gabriel go into the music store-room to see if any of the instruments”可知,老师让Gabriel挑选乐器,说明他弹得不够好,钢琴不太适合他,因此是因果关系。A. ear B. taste C. heartD. voice【答案】AA. occurred toB. took to C. appealed toD. held to【答案】C【解析】考查词组辨析。occur to sb某人突然想起;take to开始喜欢;appeal to有吸引力,引起兴趣;hold to抓住。老师让Gabriel找一件自己喜欢的乐器。A. changeB. chance C. missionD. function【答案】B【解析】Gabriel准备试一下大提琴,chance机会,给大提琴一次机会,即尝试演奏一下大提琴,其余不符合语境。50. A. seriouslyB. proudlyC. casuallyD. naturally【答案】C【解析】根据But可知,前后是转折关系,下句说Gabriel发现自己很喜欢大提琴,说明前一句是说他只是随便拉一下。A. committedB. usedC. limitedD. admitted【答案】A【解析】根据“so that within a couple of months he was playing reasonably well”可知,花了几个月的时间练习之后,Gabriel的大提琴已经拉得非常好了。be committed to sth/ doing sth致力于。A. provedB. showedC. stressedD. meant【答案】D【解析】本段与第一段呼应。学习音乐意味着早到学校,要把沉重的乐器背来背去,meant在此意为“意味着”。A. pushingB. draggingC. liftingD. rushing【答案】B【解析】Gabriel也得早到学校练习拉琴,也要拖着沉重的乐器。drag指吃力地拖、拉某物,符合语境。54. A. admiringB. pityingC. annoyingD. teasing【答案】B【解析】根据“non-musicians”可知,这里指不学音乐的学生的表情,根据第一段可得出答案,应该是pityingA. overB. asideC. behindD. out【答案】C第三部分:阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)请阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。ACHRONOLOGICA——The Unbelievable Years that Defined History 版权所有DID YOU KNOW…In 105AD paper was invented in China? 版权所有When Columbus discovered the New World? 版权所有The British Museum opened in 1759? 版权所有CHRONOLOGICA is a fascinating journey through time, from the foundation of Rome to the creation of the internet. Along the way are tales of kings and queens, hot air balloons…and monkeys in space.Travel through 100 of the most unbelievable years in world history and learn why being a Roman Emperor wasn’t always as good as it sounds, how the Hundred Years’ War didn’t actually last for 100 years and why Spencer Perceval holds a rather unfortunate record. 版权所有CHRONOLOGICA is an informative and entertaining tour into history, beautifully illustrated and full of unbelievable facts. While CHRONOLOGICA tells the stories of famous people in history such as Thomas Edison and Alexander the Great, this book also gives ab account of the lives of lesser-known individuals including the explorer Mungo Park and sculptor Gutzon Borglum. 版权所有This complete but brief historical collection is certain to entertain readers young and old,and guaranteed to present even the biggest history lover with something new!56.What is CHRONOLOGICA according to the next?
A. A biography.B. A travel guide.
C. A history book.D. A science fiction.【答案】C【解析】细节理解题。根据第四段“CHRONOLOGICA is an informative and entertaining tour into history, ...this book also gives ab account of the lives of lesser-known individuals”可知,CHRONOLOGICA是一本有关历史的书籍。57.How does the writer recommend CHRONOLOGICA to readers?A. By giving details of its collection.B. By introducing some of its contents. 
C. By telling stories at the beginning. D. By comparing it with other books.
【答案】BBBefore birth, babies can tell the difference between loud sounds and voices. They can even distinguish their mother’s voice from that of a female stranger. But when it comes to embryonic learning(胎教), birds could rule the roost. As recently reported in The Auk: Ornithological Adrances, some mother birds may teach their young to sing even before they hatch(孵化). New-born chicks can then imitate their mom’s call within a few days of entering the world.This educational method was first zxxk observed in 2012 by Sonia Kieindorfer,a biologist at Flinders University in South Australia,and her colleagues. Femake Australian superb fairy wrens were found to repeat one sound over and over again while hatching their errs, when the errs were hatched, the baby birds made the similar chirp to their mothers—around that served as their regular “feed me!” call.To find out if the special quality was more widespread in birds, the researchers sought the red-backed fairy wren, another species of Australian songbird. First they collected sound data from 67 nests in four sites in Queensland before and after hatching. Then they identified begging calls by analyzing the order and number of notes. A computer analysis blindly compared calls produced by mothers and chicks, ranking them by similarity.It turns out that baby red-backed fairy wrens also emerge chirping like their moms. And the more frequently mothers had called to their errs, the more similar were the babies’ begging calls. In addition, the team set up a separate experiment that suggested that the baby birds that most closely imitated their mom’s voice were rewarded with the most food.This observation hints that effective embryonic learning could signal neurological(神经系统的) strengths of children to parents. An evolutionary inference can then be drawn.” As a parent, do you invest in quality children, or do you invest in children that are in need?” Kleindorfer asks.” Our results suggest that they might be going for quality.”58.The underlined phrase in Paragraph 1 means“ ”.A.be the worst B.be the bestC.be the as bad D.be just as good【答案】B 59.What are Kleindorfer’s findings based on?A.Similarities between the calls moms and chicks.B.The observation of fairy wrens across Australia.C.The data collected from Queensland’s locals.D.Controlled experiments on wrens and other birds.【答案】A【解析】根据第二段“”可知,研究发现是对澳大利亚两种会鸟鸣的鸟儿进行了记录,根据第三段“the researchers sought the red-backed fairy wren, another species of Australian songbird.”可知,研究人员并未在全澳洲范围展开调查;未对其它鸟类进行记录研究,排除D项。根据倒数第三段“A computer analysis blindly compared calls produced by mothers and chicks, ranking them by similarity.”可知,A项正确。60.Embryonic learning helps mother birds to identify the baby birds which .A.can receive quality signals B.are in need of trainingC.fit the environment betterD.make the loudest call【答案】C【解析】根据倒数第二段“the baby birds that most closely imitated their mom’s voice were rewarded with the most food”和最后一段“Our results suggest that they might be going for quality.”可知,模仿母鸟模仿得最好的雏鸟得到最多的食物,研究结果表明,母亲会选择质量好的雏鸟、孩子。CA new commodity brings about a highly profitable,fast-growing industry, urging antitrust(反垄断)regulators to step in to check those who control its flow. A century ago ,the resource in question was oil. Now similar concerns ares being raised by the giants(巨头)that deal in data, the oil of the digital age. The most valuable firms are Google, Amazon, Facebook and Microsoft. All look unstoppable.Such situations have led to calls for the tech giants to be broken up. But size alone is not a crime. The giants' success has benefited consumers. Few want to live without search engines or a quick delivery, Far from charging consumers high prices, many of these services are free (users pay, in effect, by handing over yet more data). And the appearance of new-born giants suggests that newcomers can make waves, too. But there is cause for concern. The internet has made data abundant, all-present and far more valuable, changing the nature of data and competition. Google initially used the data collected from users to target advertising better. But recently it has discovered that data can be turned into new services: translation and visual recognition, to be sold to other companies. Internet companies’ control of data gives them enormous power. So they have a “God’s eye view” of activities in their own markets and beyond.This nature of data makes the antitrust measures of the past less useful. Breaking up firms like Google into five small ones would not stop remaking themselves: in time, one of them would become great again. A rethink is required—and as a new approach starts to become apparent, two ideas stand out.The first is that antitrust authorities need to move form the industrial age into the 21st century. When considering a merger(兼并), for example, they have traditionally used size to determine when to step in. They now need to take into account the extent of firms' data assets(资产) when assessing the impact of deals. The purchase price could also be a signal that an established company is buying a new-born threat. When this takes place, especially when a new-born company has no revenue to speak of, the regulators should raise red flags.  The second principle is to loosen the control that providers of on-line services have over data and give more to those who supply them.Companies could be forced to consumers what information they hold and how much money they make from it. Governments could order the sharing of certain kinds of data, with users' consent.  Restarting antitrust for the information age will not be easy But if governments don't wants a data economy by a few giants, they must act soon.61.Why is there a call to break up giants?A. They have controlled the data marketB. They collect enormous private dataC. They no longer provide free servicesD. They dismissed some new-born giants【答案】A 62.What does the technological innovation in Paragraph 3 indicate?A. Data giants’ technology is very expensiveB. Google’s idea is popular among data firmsC. Data can strengthen giants’ controlling positionD. Data can be turned into new services or products 【答案】C【解析】根据第三段“Internet companies’ control of data gives them enormous power. So they have a “God’s eye view” of activities in their own markets and beyond.”可知,互联网公司对数据的掌控使得它们拥有了很大的权力,说明数据会加强大公司的统治地位。63.By paying attention to firms’ data assets, antitrust regulators could.A. kill a new threatB. avoid the size trapC. favour bigger firmsD. charge higher prices【答案】B【解析】根据倒数第三段“The first is that antitrust authorities need to move form the industrial age into the 21st century. When considering a merger(兼并), for example, they have traditionally used size to determine when to step in. They now need to take into account the extent of firms' data assets(资产) when assessing the impact of deals.”可知,以前介入的标准是看公司的规模,而现在是把数据库的范围考虑在内。64.What is the purpose of loosening the giants’ control of data?A. Big companies could relieve data security pressure.B. Governments could relieve their financial pressure.C. Consumers could better protect their privacy.D. Small companies could get more opportunities.【答案】DDOld Problem, New ApproachesWhile clean energy is increasingly used in our daily life, global warning will continue for some decades after CO2 emissions(排放)peak. So even if emission were to begin decrease today, we would still face the challenge of adapting to climate. Here I will stress some smarter and more creative examples of climate adaptation.When it comes to adaptationit is important to understand that climate change is a process. We are therefore not talking about adapting to a new standard, but to a constantly shifting set of conditions. This is why in part at least, the US National Climate Assessment says that: “there is no ‘one-size fit all’ adaptation.” Nevertheless, there are some actions that offer much and carry little risk or cost. Around the world people are adapting in surprising ways, especially in some poor countries, Floods have some more damaging in Bangladesh in recent decades. Mohammed Rezwan saw opportunity where others saw only disaster. His not-for-profit organization runs 100 river boats that server as floating libraries, schools, and health clinics, and are equipment with solar panels and other communication facilities. Rezwan is creating floating connecticity(连体) to replace flooded roads and highways. But he is also working at a far more fundamental level: his staff people how to make floating gardens fish ponds prevent starvation during the wet season.Around the world, people are adapting in surprising ways, especially in some poor countries, Fllods have become more damaging in Bangladesh in recent decades. Mobammed Rezwan saw opportunity where others saw only disaster. His not-for-profit organization runs 100 river boats that serve as floating libraries, schoods, and health clinics, and are equipped with solar panels and other communicating facilities. Rezwan is creating floating conmetivity(连接) to replace flooded roads and highways. But he is also working at a far more fundamental level: his staff show people how to make floating gardens and fish ponds to prevent starvation during the wet season.Elsewhere in Asia even more astonishing actions are being taken. Chewang. Nophel lives in a mountainous region in India, where he is known as the Ice Man. The loss of glaciers(冰川) there due to global warming represents an enormous threat to agriculture. Without the glaciers, water will arrive in the rivers at times when it can damage crops. Norphel’s inspiration come from seeing the waste of water over winter, when it was not needed. He directed the wasted water into shallow basins where it froze, and was stored until the spring. His fields of ice supply perfectly timed irrigation(灌溉) water. Having created nine such ice reserves. Nophel calculates that he has stored about 200, 000m3of water. Climate change is a continuing process, so Norhel’s ice reserves will not last forever. Warming will overtake them. But he is providing a few years during which the farmers will, perhaps, be able to find other means of adapting.Increasing Earth’s reflectiveness can cool the planet. In southern Spain the sudden increase of greenhouses (which reflect light back to space) has changed the warming trend locally, and actually cooled the region. While Spain as a whole is heating up quickly, temperatures near the greenhouses have decreased. This example should act as an inspiration for all cities. By painting buildings white, cities may slow down the warming process.In Peni, local farmers around a mountain with a glacier that has already fallen victim to climate change have begun painting the entire mountain peak white in the hope that the added reflectiveness will restore the life-giving ice. The outcome is still far from clear, But the World Bank has included the project on its of ‘100 ideas to save the planet”.More ordinary forms of adaptation are happening everywhere. A friend of mine owns an area of land in western Victoria. Over five generations the land has been too wet for cropping. But during the past decade declining rainfall has allows him to plant highly profitable crops. Farmers in many countries are also adapting like this—either by growing new produce, or by growing the same things differently. This is common sense, But some suggestions for adapting are not. When the polluting industries argue that we’ve lost the battle to control carbon pollution and have no choice but to adapt, it’s a nonsense designed to make the case for business as usual.Human beings will continue to adapt to the changing climate in both ordinary and astonishing ways. But the most sensible form of adaptation is surely to adapt our energy systems to emit less carbon pollution. After all, if we adapt in the way, we may avoid the need to change in so many others.65. The underlined part in Paragraph 2 implies.A. adaptation is an ever-changing processB. the cost of adaptation varies with timeC. global warming affects adaptation formsD. adaptation to climate change is challenging【答案】A【解析】one-size fit all意为“通用的,万全之策”,句意:不存在通用的适应性方法。下句Nevertheless表转折,再根据“there are some actions that offer much and carry little risk or cost”可知,没有放之四海而皆准的方法,即适应是需要根据情况不断做出调整,而非一成不变的。66. What is special with regard to Rezwan’s project?A. The project receives government support.B. Different organizations work with each other.C. His organization makes the best of a bad situation.D. The project connects flooded roads and highways.【答案】C【解析】根据第四段“Mohammed Rezwan saw opportunity where others saw only disaster.”可知,Rezwan会从危机中看到机遇,会充分利用现有条件。67. What did the Ice Man do to reduce the effect of global warming?A. Storing ice for future use.B. Protecting the glaciers from melting.C. Changing the irrigation time.D. Postponing the melting of the glaciers.【答案】A 68. What do we learn from the Peru example?A. White paint is usually safe for buildings.B. The global warming tread cannot be stopped.C. This country is heating up too quickly.D. Sunlight reflection may relieve global warming.【答案】D【解析】根据倒数第四段“By painting buildings white, cities may slow down the warming process.”和倒数第三段“painting the entire mountain peak white in the hope that the added reflectiveness will restore the life-giving ice”可知,将墙壁涂成白色是利用了光的反射原理,这样可以缓解气候变暖。69. According to the author, polluting industries should .A. adapt to carbon pollutionB. plant highly profitable cropsC. leave carbon emission aloneD. fight against carbon pollution【答案】D【解析】根据倒数第二段“When the polluting industries argue that we’ve lost the battle to control carbon pollution and have no choice but to adapt, it’s a nonsense”可知,作者不赞成“我们已经在与碳污染的斗争中失败了”这样的说法,说明作者建议污染企业行动起来。70. What’s the author’s preferred solution to global warming?A. setting up a new standard.B. Reducing carbon emission.C. Adapting to climate change.D. Monitoring polluting industries.【答案】B【解析】根据最后一段“But the most sensible form of adaptation is surely to adapt our energy systems to emit less carbon pollution.”可知,作者认为,最合理的方法仍然是减少二氧化碳的排放。第四部分:www.ccutu.com任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)请阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意:请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填一个单词。Population ChangeWhy is the world’s population growing? The answer is not what you might think. The reason for the explosion is not that people have been reproducing like rabbits, but that people have stopped dropping dead like flies. In 1900, people died at the average age of 30.By 2000 the average age was 65.But while increasing health was a typical feature of the 20th century, declining birth rate could be a defining one of the 21st.Statistics show that the average number of births per woman has fallen from 4.9 in the early 1960s to 2.5 nowadays. Furthermore, around 50% of the world’s population live in regions where the figure is now below the replacement level(i.e.2.1 births per woman)and almost all developed nations are experiencing sub-replacement birth rate. You might think that developing nations would make up the loss(especially since80% of the world’s people now live in such nations), but you’d be wrong. Declining birth rate is a major problem in many developing regions too, which might cause catastrophic global shortages of work force within a few decades.A great decline in young work force is likely to occur in China, for instance. What does it imply? First, China needs to undergo rapid economic development before a population decline hits the country. Second, if other factors such as technology remain constant, economic growth and material expectations will fall well below recent standards and this could invite trouble.Russia is another country with population problems that could break its economic promise. Since 1992 the number of people dying has been bigger than that of those being born by a massive 50%,Indeed official figures suggest the country has shrunk by 5% since 1993 and people in Russia live a shorter life now than those in 1961.Why is this occurring? Nobody is quite sure, but poor diet an above all long-time alcoholism have much to do with it. If current trends don’t bend. Russia’s population will be about the size of Yemen’s by the year 2050.In the north of India, the population is booming due to high birth rates, but in the south, where most economic development is taking place, birth rate is falling rapidly. In a further twist, birth rate is highest in poorly educated rural areas and lowest in highly educated urban areas. In total, 25% of India’s working-age population has no education. In 2030, a sixth of the country’s potential work force could be totally uneducated.One solution is obviously to import foreign workers via immigration. As for the USA, it is almost unique among developed nations in having a population that is expected to grow by 20% from 2010-2030. Moreover, the USA has a track record of successfully accepting immigrants. As a result it’s likely to see a rise in the size of its working-age population and to witness strong economic growth over the longer term.
Population Change
  版权所有 版权所有 版权所有 版权所有   版权所有 版权所有 版权所有 版权所有 版权所有 版权所有 版权所有  版权所有       版权所有  版权所有  版权所有 版权所有    版权所有   版权所有    版权所有  版权所有  版权所有 版权所有 【答案】lower【解析】根据“declining birth rate could be a defining one of the 21st”可知,21世纪的出生率比20世纪低,且much/ even/far/a lot/ a little等修饰比较级,故填lower72. 【答案】size/scale【解析】根据第二段“almost all developed nations are experiencing sub-replacement birth rate”可知,发达国家人口出生率正在下降,即人口难以维持现有的规模,“maintain”一词是做题的依据,故填size/scale73. 【答案】immediate 【解析】根据第二段“which might cause catastrophic global shortages of work force within a few decades”中的“within a few decades”可知,出生率的下降对发展中国家和全球的消极影响还没有发生,由此联想到“影响不是立即产生的”。76.【答案】earlier 【解析】根据“the country has shrunk by 5% since 1993 and people in Russia live a shorter life now than those in 1961...but poor diet an above all long-time alcoholism have much to do with it”可知,俄罗斯人口由于缩短的寿命而急剧下降。77.【答案】living/life 【解析】如果俄罗斯人改变他们的生活方式,他们的情况可能会好一些。78. 【答案】equality 【解析】根据“but in the south, where most economic development is taking place, birth rate is falling rapidly”可知,教育可以降低出生率,因此,可以通过普及教育来抑制人口增长。79. 【答案】immigration 【解析】根据“One solution is obviously to import foreign workers via immigration.”可知,通过移民来引入外来工人是解决劳动力短缺的一种方法。80. 【答案】compensate 【解析】根据“Moreover, the USA has a track record of successfully accepting immigrants. As a result it’s likely to see a rise in the size of its working-age population”可知,美国的移民政策将会使劳动力有所增加。接纳移民可以弥补劳动力的短缺。第五部分:书面表达(满分25分)81.请认真阅读下面有关我国电影票房收入(box-office income)的柱状图及相关文字,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。  版权所有 版权所有   版权所有     【写作内容】1.用约30个单词概述柱状图信息的主要内容;2.我国电影票房收入变化的原因有哪些,简要谈谈你的看法(上述对话仅供参考,原因不少于两点);3.谈谈你对我国电影票房收入走向的看法,并简要说明理由。【写作要求】1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句;2.诚博娱乐中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;3.不必写标题。【评分标准】内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。【参考范文】Possible version one The box-office income of Chinese movies witnessed a constant increase from about 17 billion yuan in 2012 to over 40 billion in 2015. However, that increase slowed down in 2016.The reasons behind this are various. The fast economic development before 2016 was probably the most powerful engine driving the constant growth in the box-office income. The application of new technologies and the wide appeal of movie stars could also account for the increase. However, China saw a decline in its economic growth rate last year. And the internet increased options for movie lovers. Consequently, some viewers began to turn away from cinemas, leading to a slower growth.China’s economy is expected to grow at a medium speed in the coming years, so an increase is possible in the investment in the movie industry and the number of quality movies. Therefore, its box-office income will probably enjoy a slight increase.(150 words)Possible version two As is indicated in the graph, the box-office income of Chinese films increased constantly from 2012 to 2015, but its growth, for one reason or another, slowed down in 2016.However, the film market may witness a slowdown in the near future. Cinemas have gradually given way to the rise of the internet and cellphones, and the ticket price is on the increase. Therefore, the film industry should make greater efforts to attract more viewers.(150 words
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